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Pica Disorder

By: Beth Morrisey MLIS - Updated: 11 Aug 2018 | comments*Discuss
 
Eating Disorder pica non-food

Pica Disorder is a relatively rare eating disorder in which an individual ingests non-food substances such as chalk, soil, paper, plaster, paint chips and more. Since it is not a common disorder, few people understand pica as it relates to the general population. Below are some basic answers to frequently asked questions about pica.

What Causes Pica?
It is not yet known what causes pica, but research indicates that it may be related to mineral deficiencies such as an iron deficiency. However, often the non-food items that an individual chooses to consume will not contain the mineral of which they are deficient, so pica is not an alternative means of obtaining nutrients.

Who Suffers from Pica?
Statistics show that pica is generally diagnosed in children and pregnant women. For children, pica is only diagnosed when eating the non-food substance is developmentally inappropriate, and therefore pica is usually diagnosed only in children over the age of two. Women who suffer from pica during pregnancy often understand that what they are eating is, at the very least, odd and possibly harmful, but the compulsion is so strong that they eat it anyway. Due to embarrassment, many women then avoid seeking treatment for pica and instead continue on in secrecy.

What Non-Food Substances are Consumed Due to Pica?
In addition to chalk, soil, paper, plaster, and paint chips, individuals with pica may also be drawn to and enjoy eating glue, faeces, insects, leaves, gravel, clay, laundry detergent or starch, baking soda, cigarette ashes or butts, ice, hair, soap and buttons. Individuals may also be drawn to eating raw ingredients that have not yet been combined into cooked food, such as floor and raw potatoes. Usually these items are consumed in addition to an otherwise normal diet, and so do not prohibit the individual from consuming healthy food as well.

What are the Signs of Pica?
There are only two signs of pica: cravings for non-food substances and eating non-food substances. There are, however, some health risks associated with pica stemming from ingesting foreign substances, including intestinal blockage, intestinal perforation or tear, dental injury, poisoning and/or parasitic infections. Often it is only when an individual is being treated for these associated problems that pica comes to light and is diagnosed.

How is Pica Diagnosed?
Pica can remain undetected for months or even years if no major health problems occur. Pica is diagnosed in individuals who have routinely consumed non-food substances for at least a month, for whom this behaviour is inappropriate to their developmental stage and who do not consume these substances as part of a recognised cultural or religious practice.

How Is Pica Treated?
The type of treatment recommended for pica will depend upon the type of pica that is diagnosed. If pica stems from a nutritional deficiency then this will usually be treated with supplements to rectify the deficiency. If pica is diagnosed as a having a psychological basis, then an appropriate treatment plan for this condition will result.

How Can I Obtain Further Information on Pica?
Both medical and mental health professionals will be able to provide further information on pica. Contact a local GP or private mental health specialist to obtain more information on pica.

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I'm eating the walls (not just the paint. Also the stoney stuff behind the paint.) I've been doing it for 2 years by now and I really am trying my best to stop, but... if I see even one slight hole or if the wall isn't completely straight then the urge just comes back. I'm only a teen and my parents do know that I'm doing it but I'm scared to seek for help by a doctor or smth like that, since I'm scared that they could actually force me into a mental hospital or smth like that. So... would anyone have an idea how to stop? (I also eat normal food btw. So - it's not just the walls which I eat. But still; I need help, and ik that but... I'm just scared.)
???.?? - 11-Aug-18 @ 3:43 PM
Shin - Your Question:
We know that eating wall paints is hazardous , dangerous Nd really very silly.bt still we used to eat that.I want to stop that ,bt I can't.I want to know ,wht happens in my body after eating this stuff.I hv very ambitious dreams in my life ,I want to achieve success,enjoy my life.but how can it is possible.my worst habit of eating paint is very big barrier in my life.I am soo weak ,thin ,etc this is bcoz of this habit.bt how can I stop myself from eating paints.?Plzz suggest

Our Response:
I am sorry to hear this. You can see more via the link here . Treating the cause, is always better treating the symptoms. You would have to speak to your GP.
EatingDisorderExpert - 25-Jun-18 @ 9:14 AM
We know that eating wall paints is hazardous , dangerous Nd really very silly ..bt still we used to eat that ... I want to stop that ,bt I can't .. I want to know ,wht happens in my body after eating this stuff ... I hv very ambitious dreams in my life ,I want to achieve success,enjoy my life....but how can it is possible ...my worst habit of eating paint is very big barrier in my life .. I am soo weak ,thin ,etc this is bcoz of this habit ...bt how can I stop myself from eating paints ...? Plzz suggest
Shin - 24-Jun-18 @ 3:19 AM
I have had my share of experiencing, craving, eating & picking walls, paint, nail polish and glue for over 4 years and i have done some other really stupid stuff that i know is horrible and idiotic for me but i honestly cant stop doing all this bad stuff to myself ?? i have been to the doctors and they have told me that i need to be taking iron pills and eating more iron based foods but i can't stop doing it i dont how how to stop and i know its affecting me and my life and where i live.. My family knows that i had been doing this stuff and they try to help but it doesnt work... My sisters have had their share of different iron defficencies like eating ice but mine is the worst.... Whay can i do i feel like the only way i could stop or help me is by being hypnotize or something but even then i dont think that could help me... I need guidance and help please!!!!
RJ97 - 7-Jun-18 @ 4:51 PM
Hi ,I have education to eating raw rice and paper.I want to stop it but I don't know how to do that please help me...
Bim - 30-May-18 @ 6:37 AM
I have been cutting bath towels into small pieces and chewing and swallowing it for about 5 years
Tati - 26-May-18 @ 8:13 PM
I eat dirt and cigarette ashes I ate sand as a child but grew out of it by my teenage years. But may 20th 2011 I crashed my bike without a helmet and died 3 times from a traumatic brain injury they removed a palm sized portion of my skull and yada yada the point is I began eating dirt and cigarette ashes after my TBI. It's a brain injury So obviously it effected my personality and whatnot. But anyway about a year ago I started having terrible abdominal pain urethral burning and spasming painful bladder. I'm 100% convinced it's all due to my descusting dirt soft rock and cigarette ash eating. I've been bedridden for a year yet I still can't stop. I fear I am killing myself and don't understand my lack of willpower I quit 5 years of heroin addiction cold turkey and andmited myself to rehab why can't I stop eating dirt?
Beef - 7-May-18 @ 9:36 PM
I am 20 years old and I crave ice, baby powder, and even dirt although I have not tried to eat anything other than the ice I feel my craving may be getting stronger so I need help before I start a habit I may regret in the long run.!
Heart - 21-Apr-18 @ 7:42 PM
I started eating walls in my early teens and I go through phases where I can control it and don't get the urge to eat it anymore but the past two years have been horrendous! I've made big holes in numerous walls in two different places of work cause I pick at it and eat it. I've destroyed two flats from eating wall plaster and I can't begin to stop myself! I want to because it's embarrassing and people definitely know it's me but I can't. Please someone help!!
dorahallows - 16-Apr-18 @ 4:34 PM
@Kay - you really need to see a doctor about this because it is not right and it could ruin your health. Please seek some advice.
JoJO - 13-Apr-18 @ 3:37 PM
I have a problem i eat walls so much and i dont know how to controll it im only 13 and i been eating wall for 6 years. All around my house i had made very large holes in my wall but my mom dont really pay attention. And im scaried to tell her that i eat wall. I crave for wall all the time sometimes i cant get it out of my head into i go and break the wall and eat it. I looking at a piece of wall right now i wanna eat it so badly but im trying my hardest. PLEASE HELPPP !!
Kay - 13-Apr-18 @ 8:42 AM
I eat wall white putti(white cement) applied on the wall since 12 ,every time my parents use to paint it and I used to ruin it by eating. They took me to doctor, healer but I was not cured, though it is decreased in my twenties . Till now I eat it inspite of knowing its harmful.but I really cannot stop myself
Bloom - 8-Apr-18 @ 5:40 AM
I started eating sand since I was twelve and the craving stopped and now it’s bck and stronger and am 22 already, am feeling so tempted to eat it but I keep holding myself back cause once I start eating it again I really don’t know if it will stop. Is this also pica?
Shadeloony - 13-Mar-18 @ 6:22 AM
@se se I have the same problem. I keep the small dollar boxes of tide in my room and snack on it all day. I have prayed for washing powder you can swallow. They might as well male swallow safe detergent powder because the smell is irresistible and wen you find you favorite flavor of powder your hooked. It’s sweet Tandy and just feels so right.
Li li - 12-Mar-18 @ 10:20 PM
I started eating walls as a teenager after my mum told me I used to eat soil when I was a toddler. It got out of hand after my parents discovered a gaping hole in one of the rooms, they had previously warned me about a hole I'd made in the bathroom wall but I couldn't stop. I also eat paper, pencil shavings, elastic bands, and erasers. Is there any way to stop this? I'm in my late twenties now and it's an embarrassing thing to admit but I was unaware other people were having similar issues as my parents didn't think it was a real problem.
Swish - 8-Mar-18 @ 9:25 AM
@Shanny - you must have at one point. But you luckily managed to kick this very dangerous habit.
DrE - 2-Mar-18 @ 3:29 PM
I've always loved the fragrance of soap and washing powder, no matter whatever brand. When I go shopping for groceries, I always linger on in the laundry and washing aisle as I love soap so much. I've eaten all kinds of soap and washing powder and the taste feels so good. I sometimes, which I could work in a soap and laundry firm so I can smell the lovely fragrance more often throughout the day...When I was younger, I would eat washing powder whilst washing my clothes. I stopped eating it when I became pregnant as I did not want anything to happen to my baby. However, it's been 20 years since my son was born and I still love the fragrance of soap and various washing powder...Would I have pica?
Shanny - 27-Feb-18 @ 4:53 PM
@se se - OMG! No wonder your throat burns - washing powder is an abrasive and specific enzymes that help break down stains and dirt in fabrics and other potentially irritating ingredients. Yes, you will not only damage your throat and oesophagus but your stomach and bowel too. You really need to seek help to stop this addiction.
AnnaN - 27-Feb-18 @ 1:00 PM
@MitchU I truly feel your pain i have been craving washing powder for years. I dont know what takes the craving away. Eating it makes it worse and its hard to stop.sad to say its terribly addicting especially the Tide and Gain washing powders. Your mouth gets used to the burning but you crave more and more each day.
se se - 27-Feb-18 @ 4:51 AM
I have been eating washing powder for over 10 years At first I would chew it and spit it out and only enjoy the flavor. Now I take small amounts and swallow. Im to the point of taking even bigger doses and swallowing. I like to chew it but wen I chew a lot and try to swallow my throat starts to burn bad . is there edible washing powder out the. I love the taste of gain tide and some surfs. Its constantly on my mind 24/7 I am a true washing powder addict. I need help!
se se - 26-Feb-18 @ 11:23 PM
I have these really severe cravings for detergent powder.Not only that but also baking soda,washing soda,baking powder, dishwasher tablets and big grains of sea salt. It feels so weird,whenever I do the dishes or the laundry I feel the need to grind the powder or tablets between my teeth. I also have severe anemia and iron deficiency.I‘m so embarrassed by this,the last time I told somebody they didn’t take me seriously.
MinaZari - 18-Feb-18 @ 10:18 PM
@Peyton- it's not good for you. Your GP will definitely tell you it's not good for you. You only have to look at the animals who are being killed by accidentally eating plastics, it's all around the news at the moment. Plastics are evil because they do not biodegrade and they could become lodged in your organs. I would give this up as soon as you can, if you don't pass them, then they could cause irreparable damage and even kill.
MitchU - 16-Feb-18 @ 2:10 PM
I’m 17 and I eat plastic all the time and I’ve been doing it since I was very little. It has to be the right texture, like small toys, containers, I even eat medical tape and dried hot glue, anything. If it’s the kind I like I need it. I’ve kept it a secret forever and I don’t know what to do. Could it hurt me? It’s so embarrassing but it’s never caused me any pain or anything.
Peyton - 16-Feb-18 @ 7:50 AM
@Coca - eat sherbert as a replacement, tastes much nicer and is probably much better for you. Baking powder in your stomach doesn't sound like the greatest mix.
Racxhe - 13-Feb-18 @ 12:36 PM
I started eating baking powder when i was 6,I stop when my grandmother passed and started back when I was when I was 14 when my mother had got pregnant and still so to this day and I'm 26. I know I need to stop being craving it
Coca - 13-Feb-18 @ 5:25 AM
With the GMOs in cotton and the chemtrails spraying toxins which raise chances of developing Alzheimer's, it would be in your best interest to stop eating these poisons. Bad before, 100 times more toxic in the last 10 years. Eat organic.
Bobbie - 26-Jan-18 @ 9:51 AM
@Jezzebell - do you not get enough nourishing daily food? Can you not get enough nourishing daily food? Obviously this is the answer. Your body is obviously craving something it doesn't have :(
Asha - 8-Jan-18 @ 10:51 AM
Im so addicted grinding sand in my mouth since i was little. Now i am 34yo and still got the habit. I have mild anemia. My advise to whom want to stop this pica is to get a complete and enough nutrition. Mine once stop when i had nourish daily food. The addiction to sand totally dissapear.
Jezzebell - 7-Jan-18 @ 11:33 AM
I am 20 years old and I still eat dirt, chalk and stones and I cannot resist myself. I take calcium supplements, but when I see stones or something like that, I just cannot look away and end up eating them. I have white hair, too. I want my body to have enough calcium so that at least my hair and teeth stay normal.
Simran Lalwani - 4-Jan-18 @ 7:41 PM
Hi all.... I am a 23 year old female and I have been addicted to eating soap and powder detergent since at the age of 14. When I was younger than 14 I used lick the soap while I was bathing and then when I started to do my own laundry I started eating the soap suds because it smelled so nice and appealing. Then I started eating powder detergent. I really want to stop because I am trying for a child and I think that is preventing me. I'm so ashamed to tell my doctor. This is an addiction I really need to get over. When I'm nervous, happy, sad, anxious, etc I must get some powder detergent. What I do is lick my finger then push it in the powder detergent. My favourite is Ariel. Oh god I need help with this addiction. It's really stressful sometimes. My partner doesn't even know.
Melie - 29-Dec-17 @ 12:15 PM
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